Taking into account the fact that article 2 of the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights states that each State party to the Covenant
undertakes to take steps, individually and through international assistance and cooperation,
especially economic and technical, to the maximum of its available resources, with a view
to achieving progressively the full realization of the rights recognized in the Covenant by
all appropriate means, including, in particular, the adoption of legislative measures,
Persuaded that sustainable development can be promoted by peaceful coexistence,
friendly relations and cooperation among States with different social, economic or political
Reaffirming the fact that the widening gap between the economically developed and
developing countries is unsustainable and that it impedes the realization of human rights in
the international community, and makes it all the more imperative for every nation,
according to its capacities, to make the maximum possible effort to close this gap,
Expressing its concern at the fact that the immense benefits resulting from the
process of globalization and economic interdependence have not reached all countries,
communities and individuals, and at the increasing marginalization from their benefits of
several countries, particularly least developed and African countries,
Expressing its deep concern at the number and scale of natural disasters, diseases
and agricultural pests and their increasing impact in recent years, which have resulted in a
massive loss of life and long-term negative social, economic and environmental
consequences for vulnerable societies throughout the world, in particular in developing
Reaffirming the crucial importance of increasing the resources allocated for official
development assistance, recalling the pledge of industrialized countries to allocate 0.7 per
cent of their gross national product for official development assistance, and recognizing the
need for new and additional resources to finance the development programmes of
developing countries,
Reaffirming also that the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and
the realization of the right to development call for a more enlightened approach, mindset
and action based on a sense of community and international solidarity,
Determined to take new steps forward in the commitment of the international
community with a view to achieving substantial progress in human rights endeavours by an
increased and sustained effort of international cooperation and solidarity,
Asserting the necessity of establishing new, equitable and global links of partnership
and intra-generational solidarity for the perpetuation of humankind,
Recognizing that the attention paid to the importance of international solidarity as a
vital component of the efforts made by developing countries to realize the right to
development of their peoples and to promote the full enjoyment of economic, social and
cultural rights by everyone has been insufficient,
Resolved to strive to ensure that present generations are fully aware of their
responsibilities towards future ones, and that a better world is possible for both present and
future generations,
Reaffirms the recognition set forth in the declaration adopted by the Heads of
State and Government at the Millennium Summit of the fundamental value of solidarity to
international relations in the twenty-first century, in stating that global challenges must be
managed in a way that distributes costs and burdens fairly, in accordance with basic
principles of equity and social justice, and that those who suffer, or who benefit least,
deserve help from those who benefit most;

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