Human Rights Council
Tenth Session
Resolution 10/12. The right to food
The Human Rights Council,
Recalling all previous General Assembly and Council resolutions on the right to food, in
particular Assembly resolution 63/187 of 18 December 2008 and Council resolution 7/14 of
27 March 2008, as well as all resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights in this regard,
Recalling also the holding of its seventh special session, at which it analysed the negative
impact of the worsening of the world food crisis on the realization of the right to food for all, and
that a follow-up to that issue is being carried out,
Recalling further the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which provides that
everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for her or his health and well-being,
including food, the Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition and the
United Nations Millennium Declaration,
Recalling the provisions of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights, in which the fundamental right of every person to be free from hunger is recognized,
Bearing in mind the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and the World Food
Summit Plan of Action and the Declaration of the World Food Summit: five years later, adopted
in Rome on 13 June 2002,
Reaffirming the concrete recommendations contained in the Voluntary Guidelines to
support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food
security, adopted by the Council of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
in November 2004,
Bearing in mind paragraph 6 of General Assembly resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006,
Reaffirming that all human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated,
and that they must be treated globally, in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing and with
the same emphasis,
Reaffirming also that a peaceful, stable and enabling political, social and economic
environment, at both the national and the international levels, is the essential foundation that will
enable States to give adequate priority to food security and poverty eradication,
Reiterating, as in the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and the Declaration of the
World Food Summit: five years later, that food should not be used as an instrument of political
or economic pressure, and reaffirming in this regard the importance of international cooperation
and solidarity, as well as the necessity of refraining from unilateral measures that are not in

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